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Interview with Andrej Kranjc (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Focal Point for Slovenia)

2014-10-20

Interview with Andrej Kranjc (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Focal Point for Slovenia)

  •  What are the main conclusions of IPCC linked to climate change adaptation?

-          Human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems.

-          Responding to climate-related risks involves decision making in a changing world, with continuing uncertainty about the severity and timing of climate change impacts and with limits to the effectiveness of adaptation.

-          Risks of climate change impacts can be reduced by limiting rate and magnitude of climate change.

-          Reducing climate change can also reduce the scale of adaptation that might be required.

-          Negative impacts of climate change on crop yields have been more common than positive impacts.

-          Adaptation experience is accumulating across regions in the public and private sector and within communities.

-          Governments at various levels are starting to develop adaptation plans and policies and to integrate climate-change considerations into broader development plans.

-          Many global risks of climate change are concentrated in urban areas. Steps that build resilience and enable sustainable development can accelerate successful climate-change adaptation globally. (Building resilient infrastructure, improving housing, improving capacity of low-income groups)

-          Major future rural impacts are expected in the near term and beyond through impacts on water availability and supply, food security, and agricultural incomes, including shifts in production areas of food and non-food crops across the world.

-          Adaptation is place- and context-specific, with no single approach for reducing risks appropriate across all settings.

-          A first step towards adaptation to future climate change is reducing vulnerability and exposure to present climate variability.

-          Significant co-benefits, synergies, and trade-offs exist between mitigation and adaptation and among different adaptation responses. („Mitigation is the best adaptation“)

-          Climate-resilient pathways are sustainable-development trajectories that combine adaptation and mitigation to reduce climate change and its impacts.

-          Prospects for climate-resilient pathways for sustainable development are related fundamentally to what the world accomplishes with climate-change mitigation. (Paris 2015!)

  •   Why is climate change adaptation crucial in EaP countries?

-          One of the reasons for that is that the temperature in most of these countries has risen more than on the average globally. Further, since it is expected that the temperature will rise further for at least some decades, adaptation is crucial for water availability, food security, health reasons (heat waves, vector-borne diseases).

  • What role does civil society play in actions in climate change adaptation?

-          Civil society, including NGOs, should demand from the governments to prepare national adaptation plans. They can, and should, also contribute to awareness raising, and participate in local adaptation activities.

  •   Can you highlight the 3 most crucial measures in climate change adaptation in your own opinion?

-          In agriculture, adaptation to higher temperatures, changing water regime, possible droughts and floods, in order to secure food supply.

-          Water: adaptation to more frequent and longer floods in flood-prone areas, and to more frequent and more severe droughts; securing drinking water in cases of droughts, floods and reduced water availability.

-          Protection of endangered species from extinction.

  •   What are the main and hot topics to be discussed at the next UNFCCC conference in the end of 2014 regarding climate change adaptation?

-          Negotiators will continue to discuss and try to define the scope of adaptation in the new agreement, including: exploring a global goal, ways of strengthening the implementation of national adaptation plans, and linking national and global efforts;

-          International cooperation on adaptation, which is urgently required to enable and support the implementation of adaptation actions aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience in developing country Parties, taking into account the urgent and immediate needs of those developing countries that are particularly vulnerable;

-          Technical examination of opportunities for actions with high mitigation potential, including those with adaptation and sustainable development co-benefits, with a focus on the implementation of policies, practices and technologies;

-          Facilitating the sharing among Parties of experiences and best practices of cities and subnational authorities in identifying and implementing opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change.

  •   What do you wish in international climate politics to happen in the near future to tackle climate change?

-          I wish that the main players in the international climate change process (USA, China, EU, India, South Africa, Brazil, Japan, and some others) would, at the latest in Paris in December 2015, commit to reduce emissions in accordance with the 2oC goal, which other (smaller) countries would follow.

-          Further I wish that developed countries would secure financial assistance to poorer countries so that in 2020 it would reach 100 bn US $, and technological assistance, which would enable poorer countries to adapt to adverse impacts of climate change and to contribute to global greenhouse gas emission reductions.

 

 

Andrej Kranjc, 22 October 2014